Florida Department of Environmental Protection Florida Department of Environmental Protection
 
* DEP Home * About DEP * Programs * Contact * Site Map * Search
MyFlorida.com  
 About Gasparilla Sound - Charlotte Harbor Aquatic Preserve
View a Map
Contact
Description of Site
Established
Location
Size
Watershed
Habitat
Ecological Importance
Rare / Endangered Species
Geomorphic Features
Archaeological Features
Uses
Management Status
References

Contact

Heather Stafford - Heather.Stafford@dep.state.fl.us
12301 Burnt Store Road
Punta Gorda, FL 33955
(941) 575-5861 Fax: (941) 575-5863


Description of Site

The Gasparilla Sound - Charlotte Harbor Aquatic Preserve is one of six described areas within the greater Charlotte Harbor estuary complex to be designated by Legislature for inclusion in the aquatic preserve system under the Florida Aquatic Preserve Act of 1975.


Established

1979. For specifics, consult F.A.C. 18-20 of the Florida Administrative Codes


Location

The Gasparilla Sound - Charlotte Harbor Aquatic Preserve is located in southwest Florida within the greater Charlotte Harbor watershed.
Counties: Charlotte and Lee
Nearby Towns or cities: Port Charlotte and Punta Gorda


Size

79,168 acres


Watershed

Charlotte Harbor - Polk, Hardee, Sarasota, Desoto, Charlotte and Lee Counties

Approximately 4,500 square miles

Land : Water ratio 32:1


Habitat

The most common biological communities in Gasparilla Sound - Charlotte Harbor Aquatic Preserve includes:

Mangroves - reds (Rhizophora mangle), blacks (Avicennia germinans), whites (Laguncularia racemosa), and buttonwood (Conocarpus erectus)

Seagrasses - turtle (Thalassia testudinum), manatee (Syringodium filiforme), and Cuban shoal (Halodule wrightii)

Salt Marshes - salt marsh grass (Distichlis spicata), needlerush (Juncus roemerianus), and cordgrass (Spartina spp.)

Oyster Communities

Tidal Flats - estuarine beaches, spoil areas, shoal areas, and mud flats


Ecological Importance

Commercial, Recreational and Ecologically Important Species:

Recreational species include mullet, spotted sea trout, red drum, flounder, blue crab, pink shrimp, stone crab, snook, tarpon, grouper, snapper, sheepshead and several species of shark.

Commercial species are cobia, flounder, mullet, pompano, spotted sea trout, snapper, tripletail, blue crab and pink shrimp.

Eighty six of the state’s endangered and threatened species are found within the Charlotte Harbor region (listed by the Florida Game and Fresh Water Fish Commission, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Convention of International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora or Florida Committee on Rare and Endangered Plants and Animals).


Nursery Area:

Mangroves, seagrasses and salt marshes provide exceptional nursery areas for many commercial and recreational species.


Rare / Endangered Species

Common Name Scientific Name State Federal
       
Fish
     
smalltooth sawfish Pristis pectinata E E
       
Reptiles
     
American alligator Alligator mississipiensis SSC T (s/a)
Atlantic loggerhead turtle Caretta caretta caretta T T
Atlantic green turtle Chelonia mydas mydas E E
leatherback turtle Dermochelys coriacea E E
Atlantic hawksbill turtle Eretmochelys imbricata imbricata E E
Kemp's ridley Lepidochelys kempi E E
       
Birds
     
roseate spoonbill Ajaia ajaja SSC n/a
Southeastern snowy plover Charadrius alexandrinus tenuirostris T n/a
piping plover Charadrius melodus T T
Marian's marsh wren Cistrothorus palustris marianae SSC n/a
little blue heron Egretta caerulea SSC n/a
reddish egret Egretta rufescens SSC n/a
snowy egret Egretta thula SSC n/a
tricolored heron Egretta tricolor SSC n/a
white ibis Eudocimus albus SSC n/a
peregrine falcon Falco peregrinus E E
Southeastern American kestrel Falco sparverius paulus T n/a
American oystercatcher Haematopus palliatus SSC n/a
wood stork Mycteria americana E E
brown pelican Pelecanus occidentalis SSC n/a
Everglades kite Rostrhamus sociabilis imbricata E E
least tern Sterna antillarum T n/a
roseate tern Sterna dougalli T T
       
Mammals
     
Florida manatee Trichechus manatus E E

State listings are taken from the Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission or as with plants Florida Department of Agriculture.  Federal listings are taken from the United States Fish and Wildlife Service. E= Endangered; T= Threatened; T (s/a)= Threatened due to similarity in appearance; SSC= Species of Special Concern; UR= Under review; n/a= information not available or no designation listed; C=Commercially exploited


Geomorphic Features

The Gasparilla Sound - Charlotte Harbor Aquatic Preserve is relatively uncomplicated, low and flat. Both mainland and barrier island elevations are low, averaging about 10 feet in elevation. Two major tributaries drain into the preserves as well as several extensive residential canal systems located in Punta Gorda, Port Charlotte, and Cape Haze in northwestern Charlotte County.


Archaeological Features

There are many significant archaeological and historical sites located within and adjacent to the greater Charlotte Harbor. For the past 7-8,000 years, the resource base of this area has been estuarine in nature, with the PaleoIndian Period, dating 12,000 years ago being the earliest known occupation of the area.


Uses

The Gasparilla Sound - Charlotte Harbor Aquatic Preserve provides many types of recreational and commercial uses for permanent and part-time residents and visiting tourists including recreational and commercial boating and fishing, single and multi family structures, swimming, commercial uses such as docks and boat slips associated with restaurants, marinas and resorts, and miscellaneous utility uses.

Number of Aqua Culture Sites 1
Number of Artificial Reefs 4
Number of Anchorages 4

Management Status

Designations

The area has state designations as an Aquatic Preserve, Outstanding Florida Waterway, and Class II and Class III waters.
Designated as an EPA Gulf of Mexico Ecological Management Site (GEMS) and as a National Estuarine Preserve (NEP).


Resource Management

The overall goals of resource management within the aquatic preserves areas are:

  1. maintaining current, detailed resource inventories,
  2. maintaining an up-to-date inventory of physical alterations from human activities,
  3. restoring and enhancing littoral zone habitats,
  4. improving water quality, and
  5. encouraging uses of adjacent uplands which protect and enhance the resources in the aquatic preserves.

Specific resource management activities within the aquatic preserves of Charlotte Harbor include:

  1. development of a resource base map,
  2. participation in Charlotte Co. Marine Advisory Committee,
  3. participation in Charlotte Co. Manatee & Seagrass Committee,
  4. coordination with aquaculture activities,
  5. NEP Technical Advisory Committee,
  6. patrols,
  7. coordinating volunteer monitoring,
  8. starting a citizens group,
  9. assistance with field and written project reviews.


Education

One of the primary aims of the aquatic preserve program is to educate the general public and policy makers about the importance of natural resources in the preserves and the effects of certain actions on those resources. Specific educational activities within the preserves include aquatic preserve signs, educational displays, presentations and participation in events.


Research

Site specific research and monitoring activities conducted by aquatic preserve staff are coordinated with the research and monitoring efforts of other agencies and institutions. The goals of the research program for the preserves are as follows:

  1. Determine changes that are occurring in aquatic communities within the preserves.
  2. Encourage continuing research on specific issues within the preserves.

Specific research and monitoring activities within the aquatic preserves includes:

  1. Monitoring boating use in anchorages.
  2. Monitoring physical conditions in anchorages.
  3. Managing the Volunteer Water Monitoring Program.
  4. Conducting monthly Lower Charlotte Harbor and Lower Lemon Bay water sampling.
  5. Conducting annual Seagrass Monitoring in aquatic preserves.
  6. Assisting with SWFWMD seagrass productivity monitoring.
  7. Supporting resource monitoring grant in aquaculture sites.
  8. Conducting Colonial Water Bird Nest Monitoring and Protection along with Monofilament and Fishing Line Cleanups of nesting islands.


Resource Management Concerns

Resource management concerns specific to the aquatic preserves include: increasing boat traffic, protection of listed species and their habitats, removal of littoral vegetation, exotic species, protection of archaeological sites, hydrology restoration, dredging impacts, and stormwater and wastewater discharges.


References

Charlotte Harbor National Estuary Program. 1998. Proceedings of The Charlotte Harbor Public Conference and Technical Symposium. Technical Report No. 98-02. pp. 274.

Division of Recreation and Parks. 1983. Charlotte Harbor Aquatic Preserves Management Plan. Department of Natural Resources. pp. 120.

Estevez, E.D. 1998. The Story of the Greater Charlotte Harbor Watershed. Charlotte Harbor National Estuary Program. pp. 135.

Last updated: July 26, 2012

  3900 Commonwealth Boulevard M.S. 235 Tallahassee, Florida 32399 850-245-2094
Contact Us 
DEP Home | About DEP  | Contact Us | Search |  Site Map